Excess deaths over the expected mortality rate is real. The idea that the mRNA vaccines may be contributing to this is credible. Demonstrating that this is a fact will be very difficult and the above cited work has not done so.

Before and after vaccine distribution spans the time of emergence of variants which differed in how easily they spread and how deadly they were when compared with the original strain.

That, coupled with the very large number of people who were infected with it and showed both no signs or symptoms and were not tested or had false negative tests

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